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Softwood and Hardwood Timber

MH Southern offer a range of speciality timbers to customers looking for higher quality or specialist timber materials for particular projects We also offer full milling, treatment and strength grading facilities for all the timbers we supply. In addition our transport fleet has crane off load facilities.

If you require any further information on any of our specialist timbers, please contact our sales office on 0191 489 8231

Softwood Timbers

Softwood timbers are obtained from conifers & trees with needle type leaves and cones. Softwoods are the most commonly used timber due to the good value, availability and mostly from sustainably managed forests. They are less dense and easier to work with than most hardwoods.  Of the many species of softwoods around 50 are used commercially, with the most common being European Redwood and European Whitewood (pine and spruce).  Most softwood used in the UK comes from Europe and Russia. Please note that the links are for specialist timber stocked by MH Southern

Species

Origin

Common Names

Colour

Common Uses

Timber Qualities

Redwood

Scandinavia & Europe

Scandinavian Redwood

Cream white

Flooring, external and interior joinery, furniture, structural

 

Whitewood

Scandinavia & Europe

German Whitewood, Scandinavian Whitewood, European Whitewood

White - pale yellow

Interior joinery & flooring, furniture, structural build, scaffolding boards

 

Scots pine

UK

 

Cream white

External and interior joinery, structural build

 

Douglas fir

North America, UK & Europe

 

Red - light brown

Interior and exterior joinery such as timber cladding

 

Larch

Europe, Siberia

Siberian Larch, European

Pale red brown

Cladding and associated trimming

 

Western red cedar

North America

Pacific Red Cedar

Red brown

Cladding and associated trimming, greenhouse and conservatory manufacturing

very durable timber, contains a natural preservative that prevents decaying

Spruce

North America & UK

Sitka

Red brown

Interior joinery, stacking pallets & packing, structural build

 

Pitch Pine

Central America

American Pitch Pine

Red brown

rough construction, pulp, crating

high resin content preserves it from decay

Quebec Yellow Pine

North America, Canada

Eastern White Pine, Weymouth pine

Pale Straw, Red brown

pattern making and furniture manufacturing

works very easily by hand and with machining tools

Hardwood Timbers

Hardwoods are mainly broadleaf, deciduous trees, shedding their leaves in winter, although some hardwoods are evergreen.The majority of hardwoods are deeper in colour and have a higher density than softwood, due to their cellular structure.

Species

Origin

Common Names

Colour

Common Uses

Timber Qualities

Beech

Europe, UK

European Beech

Cream White, Pale brown

Furniture, interior joinery, flooring, plywood, Solid and laminated furniture such as desks, benches and chairs

very good for turning

Birch

Europe, Scandinavia

European birch, Silver birch, White birch

White, Pale brown

Cabinet making, furniture, plywood

Easy to work and finishes excellently

Cherry

Europe, UK, Scandinavia, Asia, North Africa

American Cherry

Pink brown

Cabinet making furniture, musical instruments including pianos and violin bows

heartwood is very resistant to decay

Chestnut

Europe, UK, Asia, Australia, North Africa

Sweet Chestnut, Spanish Chestnut

Yellow brown

Interior and exterior joinery, fencing, trim, structural

Easy to work and finishes excellently

Oak

Europe, Asia, North Africa

English oak, French oak, Slovanian oak, Polish oak, American Red oak, American White oak, Green oak

Yellow brown

Furniture, interior and exterior joinery, flooring, heavy structural

fall into three categories; red oaks, white oaks, and evergreen oaks

Teak

Burma, Indonesia, Thailand

Sagwan, Teku, Teka, Kyun

Gold brown

Interior and exterior joinery, sports goods, furniture

the wood is inclined to be brittle

Iroko

West Africa

Odum, Mvule, Kambala, Moreira

Yellow brown

interior and exterior joinery, bridge construction

 

Sapele

West Africa

 

Red brown

Interior and exterior joinery, furniture, flooring, veneer

 

Utile

 

West Africa

 

Red brown

Interior and exterior joinery, furniture, cabinet work

 

Greenheart

South America

Cogwood, Demerara

 

marine and heavy civil engineering projects

extremely hard and strong

Cedar

 

Western Red Cedar

 

 

 

Opepe

West Africa

Bilinga

Yellow brown

heavy construction, marine and jetties, railway longitudinal bridge timbers and decking

Extremely strong, durable and resistant to decay

 Ekki

West Africa

Azobe

Red brown

electric poles and fences 

specialist construction, engineering projects of bridges, piers, Lock gates