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Softwood and Hardwood Specifications

Softwood

Species

Origin

Common Names

Colour

Common Uses

Timber Qualities

Redwood

Scandinavia & Europe

Scandinavian Redwood

Cream white

Flooring, external and interior joinery, furniture, structural

 

Whitewood

Scandinavia & Europe

German Whitewood, Scandinavian Whitewood, European Whitewood

White – pale yellow

Interior joinery & flooring, furniture, structural build, scaffolding boards

 

Scots pine

UK

 

Cream white

External and interior joinery, structural build

 

Douglas fir

North America, UK & Europe

 

Red – light brown

Interior and exterior joinery such as timber cladding

 

Larch

Europe, Siberia

Siberian Larch, European

Pale red brown

Cladding and associated trimming

 

Western red cedar

North America

Pacific Red Cedar

Red brown

Cladding and associated trimming, greenhouse and conservatory manufacturing

very durable timber, contains a natural preservative that prevents decaying

Spruce

North America & UK

Sitka

Red brown

Interior joinery, stacking pallets & packing, structural build

 

Pitch Pine

Central America

American Pitch Pine

Red brown

rough construction, pulp, crating

high resin content preserves it from decay

Quebec Yellow Pine

North America, Canada

Eastern White Pine, Weymouth pine

Pale Straw, Red brown

pattern making and furniture manufacturing

works very easily by hand and with machining tools

Hardwood

Species Origin Common Names Colour Common Uses Timber Qualities
Beech Europe, UK European Beech Cream White, Pale brown Furniture, interior joinery, flooring, plywood, Solid and laminated furniture such as desks, benches and chairs very good for turning
Cherry Europe, UK, Scandinavia, Asia, North Africa  American Cherry Pink brown  Cabinet making furniture, musical instruments including pianos and violin bows heartwood is very resistant to decay
Oak Europe, Asia, North Africa English oak, French oak, Slovanian oak, Polish oak, American Red oak, American White oak, Green oak Yellow brown Furniture, interior and exterior joinery, flooring, heavy structural fall into three categories; red oaks, white oaks, and evergreen oaks
Teak Burma, Indonesia, Thailand Sagwan, Teku, Teka, Kyun Gold brown Interior and exterior joinery, sports goods, furniture the wood is inclined to be brittle
Iroko West Africa Odum, Mvule, Kambala, Moreira Yellow brown interior and exterior joinery, bridge construction
Sapele West Africa Red brown Interior and exterior joinery, furniture, flooring, veneer
Utile West Africa Red brown Interior and exterior joinery, furniture, cabinet work
Greenheart South America Cogwood, Demerara marine and heavy civil engineering projects extremely hard and strong
Cedar Western Red Cedar
Opepe West Africa Bilinga Yellow brown heavy construction, marine and jetties, railway longitudinal bridge timbers and decking Extremely strong, durable and resistant to decay
 Ekki West Africa Azobe Red brown electric poles and fences specialist construction, engineering projects of bridges, piers, Lock gates

MH Southern has the North East’s widest range of quality hardwood timbers available from stock.

A choice of kiln dried hardwoods, all sourced from managed resources, all ready and waiting for your next construction, furniture, joinery or shop fitting project.

Either sawn or machined, MH Southern can meet your exact requirements. Not only that but we will guarantee prompt delivery of your order from our stock range anywhere on our North of England delivery routes!